Architecture

Underground landscapes

Wineries and cellars are places of calm and mystery, where the wine flourishes, seeking coolness and darkness. These traditional underground landscapes bear witness to daily toil, ancestral know-how, singular geology and, sometimes, a history of surface architecture, constructed with the materials extracted from the depths. It seems that the origins of the earthed up cellar are in Northern Gaul, before the Christian era. Initially designed to maintain a cool environment and sometimes to conserve foodstuffs in the summer season, it was also appreciated as a place to age wines. Very widespread in traditional Champagne dwellings, underground cellars are frequent in Burgundy and the Val de Loire. They may be carved directly out of the mother rock (chalk, hard limestone, freestone, schist, etc.) and are sometimes partially or completely vaulted.

Chalk cellars, Champagne, France
Troglodyte dwelling, Loire, France