Wine villages

In France, depending on the region, the rural wine-growing habitat is spread amongst villages, sometimes fortified, hamlets or estates surrounded by vineyards. A village is very often associated with a community, with its secular and religious social functions, as well as its wine-related functions (brotherhood, syndicalism, promotion, collective management of spaces).
There are numerous factors in the historic or recent process of grouping together in a village: access to water, defence imperatives, planned development, relief and the nature of the soil.
If the traditional wine villages fit harmoniously into the landscape, it is because they are mainly constructed from local materials (limestone or chalk, schist, wood, clay, etc.). Sometimes the villages or towns have managed to conserve vineyards, contained within their boundaries, which is the origin of the interesting urban or peri-urban wine-growing landscape.