The art of wine-growing

The architecture of vine stock

The vine is a liana or climbing plant, which naturally seeks to develop its twigs, branches and leaves. The aim of producing quality grapes justifies channelling this vigour. In this sense, raising vines is a technical response adapted to the natural conditions of the terroir, for a desired type of wine. The number of plants per hectare, the pruning, the height of the vines and the type of tendril support are among the factors that determine the characteristics of the harvest, but also the aesthetic perception of a vineyard.
Generally speaking, the traditional short pruning of the Mediterranean South has been abandoned in favour of longer, espalier pruning, which can be exploited mechanically.
Traditionally, the height and spacing of the individual vines has been conditioned by the climate and the quest to absorb the greatest amount of energy: comparatively low in cold situations compared with the Southern sector.

Finally, vine architecture responds to the constraints of quality production: the yield (number of buds per plant), maturity (volume of vegetation), vine diseases (aeration of the bunches of grapes) and many other aspects explain the diversity of the methods of raising and pruning vines around the world.

Lyre-pruned vine